EU EMC Electromagnetic Compatibility FAQ
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive
All electric devices or installations influence each other when interconnected or close to each other, e.g. interference between TV sets, GSM handsets, radios and nearby washing machine or electrical power lines. The purpose of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is to keep all those side effects under reasonable control. EMC designates all the existing and future techniques and technologies for reducing disturbance and enhancing immunity.
The electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Directive 2014/30/EU ensures that electrical and electronic equipment does not generate, or is not affected by, electromagnetic disturbance.
The EMC directive limits electromagnetic emissions from equipment in order to ensure that, when used as intended, such equipment does not disturb radio and telecommunication, as well as other equipment. The directive also governs the immunity of such equipment to interference and seeks to ensure that this equipment is not disturbed by radio emissions, when used as intended.
The main objectives of the directives are to regulate the compatibility of equipment regarding EMC:
- equipment (apparatus and fixed installations) needs to comply with EMC requirements when it is placed on the market and/or taken into service
- the application of good engineering practice is required for fixed installations, with the possibility that competent authorities of EU countries may impose measures in instances of non-compliance.
The (EMC) Directive 2014/30/EU was published in the Official Journal of the European Union L 96/79, 29 March 2014, and repealed Directive 2004/108/EC as from 20 April 2016.
This directive is aligned to the new legislative framework policy and will keep the same scope as Directive 2004/108/EC.
- EMCD guide (English) to assist with the common application of the Directive 2014/30/EU (also available in French and German). The guide has no weight in law, but deals with a number of practical issues that will be of interest to manufacturers and other stakeholders
- Questions and answers on the transition from Directive 2004/108/EC to 2014/30/EU (526 kB)
- EMC ADCO information for economic operators (299 kB)
Issues with respect to implementation are regularly considered.
The administrative co-operation (EMC ADCO) is an independent working group run and chaired by the EU countries.
The group is a forum for cooperation and exchange of information between national market surveillance authorities.
EMC ADCO information sheet for economic operators (299 KB)
Example of EU declaration of conformity (DoC) adopted by EMC ADCO (Word document, 39 kB)
European language requirements for products covered by EMCD 2014/30/EU (2.0)
Results of the latest Market Surveillance campaigns of ADCO - market surveillance reports:
- Report on the 10th joint cross-border EMC market surveillance campaign on PLC (2018) New
- Report on the 9th joint cross-border EMC market surveillance campaign on eCigarettes (2017)
- Report on the 8th joint cross-border EMC market surveillance campaign on inductive appliances (2017)
- Report on the 7th joint cross-border EMC/LVD market surveillance campaign on LED floodlights (2017)
- Report on the 6th Joint Cross-Border EMC market surveillance campaign on solar panel inverters (2014) (86 kB)
For more reports, please see the ADCO page.
The working party (EMC WP) deals with general policy issues related to the management and implementation of the directive. It is chaired by the Commission and involves EU national authorities, standardisers, notified bodies, Industry and other interested parties. EMC WP documents are not legally binding. They aim at clarifying certain provisions or elements of the directive.
Documents adopted or endorsed by EMC WP:
European harmonised standards are developed by the European standardisation organisations (ESOs) following a mandate issued by the European Commission. The EMC directive also requires publication in the OJEU of the references to these standards in order for them to be harmonised and so provide for a presumption of conformity.
|M/552 - general mandate for harmonised standards under EMC Directive 2014/30/EU|
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